John McLean Cadzow
- Born: 28 Mar 1829, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland
- Christened: 12 May 1829, Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland
- Marriage (1): Jane Provan on 10 Dec 1849 in Whitburn, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland
- Died: 15 Apr 1907, Alma St, Saint Arnaud, , Victoria, Australia at age 78
- Buried: 17 Apr 1907, St Arnaud Cemetery, St Arnaud, Victoria, Australia
Cause of his death was Phthisis 2 years.
Another name for John was John McClean Cadzou.
The story of the Cadzows and their arrival in Australia is recounted in Craig's book - In the Shadow of Feathertop A History of the Lives and Legacy of George Jones and Margaret Hardie . You can read about it here: http://craig-fullerton.com/product/in-the-shadow-of-feathertop/
His Christening record records his name as CADZOU.
He arrived in Victoria, Australia as an Assisted British Immigrant with wife Jane and daughter Elizabeth on the Athletae in February 1855. According to his shipping record he was an Agricultural Labourer from Linlithgow, Scotland, Presbyterian, could read and write, aged 25. Under the column headed "By Whom Engaged" is recorded "on own account, Melbourne". Travelling with him were his wife Jane - she was also Presbyterian, but could read only, and was aged 24 - and daughter Elizabeth, aged 1
The ship Athletae came Feb 1855 with 420 Assisted British Immigrants, including John Cadzow 25, Jane Cadzow 24 and Elizabeth aged 1 year. Athletae - 1,052 new tons, departed 22 Nov 1854, arrived 19 Feb 1855 taking 80 days with Surgeon Superintendent W.J. Rowland, with 116 male and 163 female adults, 56 male and 76 female children under 14, total souls 411, died on the voyage - 1 female adult, 5 male children a total of 6 souls.
The Athletae was a 1053 ton ship which sailed from Liverpool on the 23rd November 1854 under the command of Captain Henry Bradley. She carried 409 Immigrants consisting of 96 families, 66 single women and 66 single men on a voyage to Australia which took 87 days during which time the Surgeon / Superintendant William Johnson Rowland reported that there were five deaths and six births on board during the voyage.
On the ships arrival at Portland Bay on 19th February, 1855 there were three cases of fever on board. In addition to the immigrants the Athletae carried a cargo of 2 cases Books; 41 crates Earthenware; 56 barrels Arsenic; 20 half hogsheads Vinegar; 1 hogshead Earthenware' 9 nusks Glass; 30 barrels Flour Sulpher; 66 bundles, 16 cases and 29 packages Iron; 1 cask Furniture; 2 ploughs and 1 set harness. Shortly after arrival fifteen crew members were sentenced to two months imprisonment with hard labour for refusing to do duty on board while anchored in the harbour. Complaints were made to the Immigration Board of irregular conduct on board during the voyage. One complaint was that the single females were being compelled to remain on deck at night to a late hour. They were also put in confinement for some weeks as punishment. It was apparently discovered that two secret passages, one from the Captains Cabin and one from the Doctors cabin leading into the single womens quarters. The Captain and Doctor denied all charges. The Athletae sailed from Portland on 31st March 1855 bound for Callao in ballast.
According to letters written by John's brother William and his wife back home, John found it hard to find work at Portland Bay and soon sailed to Melbourne where he joined other hopefuls, including his brother, on the diggings at Forest Creek near Castlemaine in Victoria. He was certainly there by August 1855. At some stage he relocated to St. Arnaud in Victoria, the location of more mining activity. He died here, as did his mother who joined him at some stage, and many of his descendants live in and around St Arnaud to this day.
In 1870 John was involved as a Witness in the trial of one Andrew Vair who was on trial for the shooting murder of Amos Cheale. The trial was widely reported in the Ararat Advertiser, the St Arnaud Mercury and The Argus in Melbourne. From the latter newspaper (but abridged from the St Arnaud Mercury) on Wednesday, 13th April 1870, John's evidence is recorded as follows "J. Cadzow, mining manager, St. Arnaud said - On January 12, 1869 Cheale was at my house at about 10 minutes past 1 o'clock. About two minutes after he left I hard the report of a gun. Heard Cheale cry out "Murder". Ran towards the place where I heard the report. Found Cheale lying on his side resting on his elbow. He called me by name when I came in sight, and said "Vair has shot me". He tried to rise, but could not. Assisted to remove him to my house. He lived about half an hour. Have heard Vair threaten Cheale."
On Tuesday 21st March 1876 the following was announced in The Argus newspaper "New Insolvents" column: "John McLean Cadzow, miner, formerly storekeeper. Causes of insolvency - Losses in business and mining speculation. Liabilities £224 11s. 3d.; assets, £90; deficiency, £134 11.s 3d. Mr. R.W.C. Grieve, assignee."
In 1903 he was a miner living with his wife Jean at Alma St, St Arnaud.
He is buried with his mother, wife and young daughter, Jessie, in the Presbyterian Section of the St Arnaud Cemetery, Section 4 Grave 22, Marker 404B.
Noted events in his life were:
• He resided at the time of the Census in 1841 in Getside St, Hamilton, , Lanark, Scotland.
• He resided at the time of the Census in 1851 in Sheephousehill, Whitburn, West Lothian, Scotland.
• He worked as a Cotton Handloom Weaver at the time of the Census in 1841 in Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland.
• He worked as an Iron Miner at the time of the Census in 1851 in Whitburn, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland.
• He emigrated to Australia in Feb 1855.
• He resided at the time of his mother's death on 21 Jul 1865 in Armenian Gully, Saint Arnaud, Victoria, Australia.
• He worked as a Mining Manager at the time of Elizabeth's marriage on 15 Jun 1870 in St Arnaud, Victoria, Australia.
• He worked as a Miner according to his death certificate in 1907 in St Arnaud, Victoria, Australia.
• He worked as an Old age pensioner at the time of his death on 15 Apr 1907 in St Arnaud, Victoria, Australia.
• He worked as a Grazier according to son John's death certificate.
John married Jane Provan, daughter of James Proven and Elizabeth Wilson, on 10 Dec 1849 in Whitburn, Linlithgow, West Lothian, Scotland. (Jane Provan was born on 3 Jul 1830 in Bachcroft, Whitburn, West Lothian, Scotland, died on 2 Feb 1914 in Cowar East, Victoria, Australia and was buried in Feb 1914 in St Arnaud Cemetery, St Arnaud, Victoria, Australia.)