Our Origins - the Family Histories of Craig Fullerton and Celine Amoyal
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Edward Sole
Mercy Chittenden
John Gore
Catherine Cock
(ca. 1760-1820)
Edward Sole **
Susannah Gore **

David Sole


Family Links

1. Martha Old

David Sole

  • Born: 4 Jun 1822, Saint Nicholas at Wade, Kent, England
  • Christened: 7 Jul 1822, Saint Nicholas at Wade, Kent, England
  • Marriage (1): Martha Old on 27 Nov 1849 in St Mary's Anglican Church, New Plymouth, New Zealand
  • Died: 24 May 1915, New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand at age 92
  • Buried: After 24 May 1915, New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand

bullet  General Notes:

David Sole was 19 when he arrived on the ship 'Oriental' on the 7th November 1841, with his brothers; James, Henry, Thomas, Edward and William Sole, along with the Foreman family. On arriving in New Plymouth David Sole was employed on the original survey of the settlement under Frederick Alonzo Carrington. David was the third son of Edward Sole and Susannah Gore, born on the 4th June, 1822 in St Nicholas, Isle of Thanet, Kent. After the death of his father, his mother, Susannah had re-married to Richard White Foreman in 1838, himself a widow, and the two blended families then emigrated to New Zealand.

David Street in Westown, a suburb of New Plymouth, is named after him, as it was here in the late 1840's that David and his wife Martha began farming the land over which the street now runs. The 1852 Census indicates that David and Martha Sole had 28 acres of land under cultivation. Of this land only 3 acres were fenced, but there were 12 1/2 acres in crops, 1 acre of wheat, 2 1/2 acres in oats, 1 1/2 acres in potatoes, 1 acre in turnips, 1/2 acre in garden and 6 acres in grass. They owned 5 horned cattle and 1 pig. David and Martha had two sons under seven years of age.

They lived in a house of sawn timber with a thatched roof - 25 by 24 feet. There were four rooms, and the chimney was built of stone. They had two out buildings, one served as a barn and the other as a potato house, both were built of timber.

In 1861 David Sole was granted Section 189 in New Plymouth under his contract with the New Zealand Company. This section is the one on which his mother, Susannah, and his step father, Richard White Foreman lived. It was situated on the corner of Aubrey and Mt Edgecumbe Streets.

On the 4th March 1868, David Sole was officially granted title to his 25 acres and 25 perches under the New Zealand Company agreement.

During the Taranaki Wars, David served as a private with the volunteers in 3M Company. Martha and four children sailed on the Airedale on the 1st September, 1860 for Nelson, but were later back in New Plymouth in July 1861. The Statement of Expenditure for Rations that covers the period June to October 1860, indicates that Martha was entitled, with one exception, to regular weekly payments of 1. 5d per week from the 21st September until 26th October that year. The exception occurs when David is recorded as visiting Nelson, and only 11s. 8d is entered for that week, 28th September, 1860. David and Martha's sixth child, Richard, was born on the 12th November, 1860 in Nelson, and another son, two year old Edward, died on Christmas Day in 1860.

David and Martha claimed compensation for damages to property as a result of the Taranaki Wars. Damage to the house, which had been burnt by the Maoris, was estimated at 80, the out buildings 10, loss of the bullocks at 30 a pair, the heifers at 8 each and the cow at 10. Loss of the crops in the ground and an infestation of thistles which had grown. In total his losses amounted to 309. David Sole kept good health until he died in his sleep a few days before his 93rd birthday. Martha Sole died on the 8th December, 1898 and is buried beside her husband David, at the Te Henui Cemetery, New Plymouth. John Old Sole married Louisa Elizabeth Baldwin on the 26th August, 1874 in New Plymouth, but died in tragically in Hawera only three months after his marriage to Elizabeth. He was 26 years old. Thomas Sole married his brother's widow, Louisa (nee Baldwin) on the 11th January, 1876 in Patea. Thomas and Elizabeth farmed at Patea. Elizabeth married Peter Eva in 1875 and farmed in the Mangotuku Valley. Richard married Alice Wills in 1886 and they lived in New Plymouth. Robert married Esther McGahey 1889 in New Plymouth, where he worked as a blacksmith. Edward married Eliza Cook in 1892 in New Plymouth. James David Sole lived all his live in Westown and worked as a Draper. He first married Emily Mary Hammond in 1890, and after she died in 1891 he married Rhoda Mary Hammond, in 1894.

A book compiled at a family reunion 'From the Marshes to the Mountain' by Faye Clark tells the story of the SOLE family in NZ.


David married Martha Old, daughter of Richard Old and Jane Liddycoat, on 27 Nov 1849 in St Mary's Anglican Church, New Plymouth, New Zealand. (Martha Old was born on 25 Jun 1829 in St Mawgan-In-Pydar, Cornwall, England, died on 8 Dec 1898 in New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand and was buried in Te Henui Cemetery, New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand.)

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